Hydrogen cars or Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles (FCEVs) are already available in some nations, Korea and Japan leading the way through their Hyundai and Toyota brands respectively. These are slowly tricking into Australia although the lack of refuelling stations make it challenging to fill up here at the moment. The construction of refuelling stations are being proposed however with Universities and some international companies such as Linde Group planning facilities in 2020/21 along with local government authorities. Expect to see Hydrogen refuelling stations being constructed in the next 2-3 years.
Initiatives such as the H2OzBus Consortia, announced in May 2020, provide the expertise and drive to roll out Hydrogen Buses across Australia, similar to what has already occurred in some parts of Europe. This is already being explored with LGA’s such as Redland Council in Queensland. This consortia aim to locate the Hydrogen plant adjacent to existing wastewater treatment plants, using the green oxygen by-product to boost the production rate of the plant and improve project efficiencies.
Companies such as Linde Group and Siemens of Germany are developing Electrolyser plant to be used as “Rapid Response” systems assisting with energy imbalance through the day as solar generation occurs. This will ultimately be used for integrated Carbon Capture and methanation leading to 100% Hydrogen.
Currently over 50% of the World’s hydrogen is used for the manufacture of ammonia for fertilizer and explosives. Industry leaders and manufacturers are seeking to develop large scale hydrogen plant adjacent to chemical plants, replacing brown (coal) and blue (gas) hydrogen with green hydrogen.
With both Japan and South Korea indicating intent to import green hydrogen, Australia is well placed to develop new markets on a large scale to meet this demand, transitioning over time from LNG to Green Hydrogen
As an energy carrier, hydrogen can take many forms beyond a compressed gas where it can be liquefied at low temperatures, stored in other compounds such as ammonia, methylcyclohexane, methanol, or metal hydrides (IEA, 2019; Makepeace et al., 2019), or it can be contained within metal organic frameworks (Ozturk et al., 2016).
Australian government policy is playing a role, forcing the reduction of carbon due to international agreements such as the “Paris Agreement’, a United Nations framework on climate change.
This has led to Australia setting targets for renewable energy, with Queensland setting a target of 50% renewable energy by 2030 (Queensland Renewable Energy Expert Panel, 2016).
There is enormous potential for a hydrogen economy to distribute green energy, and hydrogen has recently made a resurgence with the large number of institutional bodies, governments and global corporates becoming more vocal
about the role of hydrogen in a low-carbon future (Wollschlager, 2020) and the increasing number of published national hydrogen strategies and road maps (Bermudez et al., 2020; Lambert, 2020).
Copyright © 2021 H-REP - All Rights Reserved.